I get asked this question all the time. People say the police never read me my Miranda Rights, and therefore, I want to get the charges dismissed against me. Unfortunately, it's more complicated than this.
Usually, when it comes to a DUI, some technicality will not get a person off unless the technicality relates to a very important or integral part of the prosecutor's and police's case in a DUI.
Police Don't Have to Read Miranda Rights
The reality is that the police do not need to read you your Miranda Rights, even when it comes to a DUI. The issue comes in if they don't read you your Miranda Rights, and then they later attempt to get a statement against you to prove that you're guilty of the DUI.
That's where the defense attorney can argue – wait a minute, you didn't read the person their Miranda Rights, you had him in custody, you were asking him direct questions which could incriminate him – therefore, you're not going to be able to get that statement in and then the judge would make the final ruling. If that statement was a crucial or necessary part of the prosecution's case, then obviously, that could be significant for getting your DUI dismissed.
However, the reality is usually the evidence that the police and prosecutors are using in a DUI in Los Angeles centers around your breath reading, how you did on the field sobriety test, how you did on the PAZ exam.
This is the preliminary alcohol screening device out in the field. They're looking at what your driving was like, how you were talking or how you were walking to determine whether or not you were impaired to the point where you can not safely operate a motor vehicle.
So, your statements aren't usually as significant as these other factors that I'm mentioning. However, what the police will try to do is ask you when you drank, how much you drank, what type of alcohol you drank, and they'll try to help their expert out with an eye towards a future trial.
Reviewing Your DUI Arrest
Many of the questions they're asking during the booking process and when they pull you over are targeted at trying to incriminate you and trying to block a later defense that you might try to raise at the potential trial.
The police are specifically trained to check off a lot of these boxes and talk to prosecutors and other authorities to make sure that they can prevent you from asserting certain defenses in a future trial related to your case.
So, if you have a DUI matter and you were not read your Miranda Rights, and you believe that you gave some statements that are now being used against you to incriminate you, your best strategy is to sit down with a seasoned criminal defense attorney and let them assist you in developing a strategy and seeing if the fact that your Miranda Rights weren't read to you is essential in your case.