Having done DUI cases in Los Angeles for the past twenty-five years, I get asked all the time by people who are not happy with the outcome of their DUI case, whether they can appeal it.
You can certainly appeal your case as long as you're within the appropriate time-frames of the appeal and you've followed all of the rules. This is obviously something you're going to want to consult an attorney about to see if you've already waived any potential appellate rights or you didn't act fast enough.
Is Your Case Eligible For An Appeal?
But the key thing when it comes to deciding whether or not you can appeal your case is whether there's an appealable issue. In other words, is there something that went wrong during your case that affected your rights in such a way that you actually legally have grounds for an appeal.
Because if you don't have any grounds for an appeal in a DUI case, you're simply wasting your time and your money. So, if you think you've got a good issue on appeal, you should seek out the advice of a good DUI appellate lawyer who has handled cases similar to yours.
Give them all of the details, let them talk to your attorney and let them then decide whether or not it's worth your time, money and aggravation to appeal your case.
Some of the types of grounds for an appeal relate to how you actually ended up with the conviction. In other words, did you go to a jury trial and you were found guilty by jury?
Grounds for DUI Appeal
If that's the case, then some of the areas you could attack is that you weren't permitted to present some of your evidence during the DUI trial, or the prosecutor was permitted to show certain evidence that they shouldn't have been able to show that influenced the jury in the wrong way.
There's a myriad of grounds for appeal action, but obviously you're going to want to get somebody that's gone down this road before and knows exactly how to deal with an appeal related to a DUI in Los Angeles County.
Another way that you can end up with a conviction is if you actually enter into a plea bargain and work out a deal with the prosecutor and then the judge puts his or her blessing on it and you end up pleading guilty or no contest and going through the terms of the deal that you worked out yourself.
In this scenario it's much more difficult to appeal because the Appellate Judge is going to say, well wait a minute, you're the one who worked this deal out. Why did you plead guilty or no contest if you weren't guilty of the crime? So, in this circumstance, you're really going to have to show something.
Usually, this has to do with you claiming that your lawyer was ineffective in some way, didn't advise you properly or did something wrong during the course of the trial or plea negotiation, didn't do the proper investigation that is necessary for your case- so there's a number of ways that you can try to argue that even though you entered a plea, your plea wasn't voluntary in some way or that your attorney messed the case up.
Of course, this is a tough road to hoe, not an easy standard and not easy to prove. So, before you go down this road, again you're going to want to consult with an appellate lawyer who's done these cases before, been down this path, had success and knows what it takes to be successful in an appeal.
Before you Appeal a Case, You Should Do the Case Right the First Time
This is obviously information that should be apparent to most people that you don't even want to get yourself in a position to have to appeal your DUI conviction. Get the best attorney you possibly can. Make sure that all of the evidence related to your case is given to that attorney.
Make sure obviously that all of the investigation is done on the case and do everything that you can possibly do to help your attorney. If you've chosen the right attorney, you've given him all the information and you still end up having to negotiate a plea bargain in a DUI or go to jury and you lose, then that's probably the end of it.
To go back and try to cry over spilled milk is usually never, in my experience, a good idea. It just continues to aggravate you, make you angry and bring up bad feelings. Instead, if you really think there's a good appellate issue, let a lawyer look into it.
Tell him to be honest with you about it and not waste your money and your time, and if they tell you no, I don't see anything here then move on with your life. Then at that point you can attempt to expunge the matter.
In California there's no such thing as a true expungement, so you won't be completely wiping the conviction off your record, but you will be able to get a dismissal of the case if you're successful in the expungement on your DUI case. Then if anybody is able to find it, then they're going to see that the case was dismissed, and that's the best you can do in California when it comes to DUI convictions or any conviction for that matter.
So, if you feel like you have a DUI case that needs to be appealed, you should sit down with a qualified appellate lawyer, let them go over all of the facts of your case – be honest with them, don't put some giant spin on things – tell them what really happen – and then let them guide you through as to whether or not it's worth your time to try to appeal your DUI case.